Dan Colen

Daniel Colen (born 1979, New Jersey) is an artist based in New York. His work consists of painted sculptures appropriating low-cultural ephemera, graffiti-inspired paintings of text executed in paint, and installations.

Born and raised in Leonia, New Jersey, Colen graduated with a BFA in Painting from the Rhode Island School of Design in 2001

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Colen’s work has been exhibited at galleries including Deitch Projects navy football socks, Gagosian Gallery (2006) and Barbara Gladstone Gallery in New York, Peres Projects in Berlin, as well as Venus and OHWOW in Los Angeles. He has shown work internationally in many exhibitions including “Potty Mouth, Potty War, Pot Roast, Pot is a Reality Kick” at Gagosian Gallery in New York, “USA Today” at the Royal Academy of Arts in London, the 2006 Whitney Biennial in New York, “Fantastic Politics” at the National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design in Oslo and “No Me” at Peres Projects in Berlin. In 2011 he had a solo show at the Astrup Fearnley Museum in Oslo, Norway. He is represented by the Gagosian Gallery in New York and by Massimo de Carlo in Milan, Italy best insulated bottle.

In “Secrets and Cymbals, Smoke and Scissors: My Friend Dash’s Wall in the Future” (2004), Colen built an exact replica of a section of poster, photo and flyer-covered wall from friend Dash Snow’s apartment. Each piece of visual material was handmade and attached to a Styrofoam copy of the wall.

His works are held in the collection of the Saatchi Gallery, The Whitney Museum, and The Astrup Fearnley Museum.

His father, Sy Colen, a wood and clay sculptor wholesale socks from china, was a participant in the 2006 reality TV show Artstar.

Orel Hershiser’s scoreless innings streak

During the 1988 Major League Baseball season, pitcher Orel Hershiser of the Los Angeles Dodgers set the MLB record for consecutive scoreless innings pitched. Over 59 consecutive innings, opposing hitters did not score a run against Hershiser. During the streak, he averted numerous high-risk scoring situations. The streak spanned from the sixth inning of an August 30 game against the Montreal Expos to the tenth inning of a September 28 game against the San Diego Padres. The previous record of 58 23 innings was set by former Dodger pitcher Don Drysdale in 1968; as the team’s radio announcer, Drysdale called Hershiser’s streak as he pursued the new record. Pundits have described the streak as among the greatest individual feats in sports and among the greatest records in baseball history.

During the streak, the Elias Sports Bureau changed its criteria for the official consecutive scoreless innings record for starting pitchers from including fractional innings in which one or two outs had been recorded to counting only complete scoreless innings. Since the streak was active at the end of the 1988 season, it would have spanned two separate seasons if Hershiser had pitched any additional scoreless innings to begin the next year. However, he yielded a run in his first inning of the 1989 season, thus ending the streak. The streak only includes innings pitched in the regular season, excluding eight scoreless innings Hershiser pitched to start Game 1 of the 1988 National League Championship Series on October 4 (unofficially extending his streak to 67 combined innings). Although he completed the ninth inning in each start, the streak’s final game lasted 16 innings, of which he only pitched the first ten. Thus, Hershiser did not match Drysdale’s record of six consecutive complete game shutouts. Like Drysdale’s streak, the penultimate game of Hershiser’s streak was a Dodgers–Giants game that featured a controversial umpire’s ruling that saved the streak.

The streak was initially overshadowed by Hershiser achieving 20 wins and the race for the NL Cy Young Award between Hershiser and Danny Jackson until Hershiser reached 40 consecutive innings. Another distraction during the streak was his wife’s pregnancy and his son’s childbirth complications. The record-setting game was overshadowed by the 1988 Summer Olympics, football, and baseball pennant races; it was not broadcast on local television in Los Angeles. Following the regular season, Hershiser was awarded the NL Cy Young Award. In the playoffs, he earned both the NL Championship Series Most Valuable Player Award and the World Series MVP Award. He also secured Sportsman of the Year and Associated Press Athlete of the Year honors. Hershiser appeared in the 1989 MLB All-Star Game and continued to be an effective pitcher for many seasons, including two additional appearances in the World Series, one of which was preceded by his winning the 1995 AL Championship Series MVP Award.

Hershiser was selected by Dodgers in the 17th round of the 1979 MLB draft with the 440th overall selection. He made his professional debut with the Class A Dodger farm team in the Midwest League, the Clinton Dodgers in 1979. He made his major league debut for the Dodgers on September 1, 1983, against the Montreal Expos. Hershisher made his first start on May 26, 1984, against the New York Mets and became a full-time starter in the Dodgers’ rotation on July 14.

Hershiser had pitched a 33 23-inning scoreless streak in 1984, eventually joining Gaylord Perry and Luis Tiant as the only pitchers between 1963 and 2014 with at least two streaks of this length. Hershiser’s 1984 streak, which was the longest scoreless inning streak of the year, was broken up on July 24 by a home run by two-time NL Most Valuable Player Dale Murphy of the Atlanta Braves. His streak included a blown save on July 8 against the St. Louis Cardinals and a nine-inning shutout against the Cardinals on July 19.

Despite an emergency appendectomy that delayed his spring training and shortened his time to get in shape for the season, Hershiser had been named NL Baseball Pitcher of the Month in April and a participant in the 1988 All-Star Game, getting outs against all three batters. In the eight games he started between July 10 and August 14, Hershiser had a 3–4 win–loss record with a 4.76 earned run average (ERA), raising his season ERA from 2.46 to 3.06. Following his August 14 start in which he left the game after two innings (his shortest appearance since 1985) with the Dodgers behind the Giants 8–2, he pitched complete games on August 19 (a shutout) and August 24. Prior to the game, Hershiser trailed teammate Tim Leary in shutouts, six to three, and Leary also combined with other pitchers to record a shutout that was not counted in his individual total.

Previously, Walter Johnson of the 1913 Washington Senators had held the consecutive scoreless innings record, at 55 23, with two relief appearances, which gave him a fractional total. In 1968, Drysdale, also of the Dodgers, surpassed Johnson by pitching 58 23 innings in six consecutive nine-inning shutouts between May 14 and June 4, 1968. Drysdale’s streak ended with four scoreless innings in a 5-3 victory over the Philadelphia Phillies on June 8.

The streak spanned Hershiser’s 29th through 35th (and final) starts of the 1988 season for the Dodgers, which were the 190th through 196th games of his career. It began on August 30 against the Expos, after seven-time All-Star Tim Raines scored with two outs in the 5th inning. The streak ended on April 5, 1989 against Cincinnati, when Barry Larkin scored with two outs in the first inning mens shavers. During the streak, although forty-one of the 59 scoreless innings came on the road away from traditionally pitcher-friendly Dodger Stadium, Hershiser lowered his ERA from 2.90 to 2 glass bottled water delivery.26. The Dodgers only scored 13 runs in support of Hershiser’s 59 innings. Overall, opposing hitters batted 0-for-9 with runners on third and 0-for-31 with runners in scoring position. During the streak, according to the Chicago Tribune, Hershiser caused opposing teams to leave 30 runners on base; Drysdale, in his streak, left 35. However, USA Today reported that Hershiser left 36 runners on base. At that point in his career, Hershiser was regarded as a “right-handed sinkerball artist” although he did not throw a sinker. He relied on a fastball, slider, curveball, and a split-finger fastball, the latter of which he used as a sinker.

Once Hershiser achieved his second consecutive complete-game shutout to reach 22 consecutive scoreless innings, he was lauded for his 20th win in the national press while the local press praised his serious contention for the Cy Young Award, given to the league’s best pitcher. The 20th win had been his preseason goal. His third consecutive complete-game shutout, which brought him to 31 consecutive innings, was said in local newspapers to have strengthened his Cy Young Award chances and in national newspapers to have helped his team in the pennant race. There was little emphasis on the historical context of his streak at this point, even among newspapers that headlined the streak. Upon reaching 40 consecutive innings, most of the national media began to mention that the record was 58 (in some cases 58 23). In some papers, Hershiser’s approach to the record was being described as a chase. Hershiser, however, said that he was primarily focused on his hospitalized newborn son.

After Hershiser reached 49 consecutive innings because of what some sources describe as an umpire’s favorable interference ruling on a double play, the sports media compared him to Drysdale, who had a similar incident occur during his streak. The Houston Chronicle noted that both beneficial calls were in Dodgers–Giants games. However, the press also noted that Hershiser needed another complete game shutout to tie Drysdale and pass Johnson on the all-time consecutive scoreless innings list. In addition to covering the record pursuit, some sportswriters perceived that Hershiser had taken a commanding lead in the Cy Young Award race. Despite the official ruling by MLB statistician Seymour Siwoff that only full innings of starting pitchers count toward the record, some of the press continued to refer to the record as 58 23 innings. The pennant race also continued to draw attention as the Dodgers closed in on the NL West division title. An Associated Press article noted that it was Hershiser’s eighth consecutive complete game and fifteenth of the season and Hershiser’s fifth consecutive complete game shutout. As Hershiser’s last remaining start approached, the media mentioned that he needed one more complete game shutout to tie the all-time record. When the total reached 49, Hershiser first began to feel that the record was within reach. Not only were his teammates too superstitious to talk to him about the streak, Dodgers announcer Drysdale also avoided the subject when talking to Hershiser for fear of jinxing him. Hershiser was not superstitious about the record, saying, “I’m pretty loosey-goosey about it… I talk about it all the time. I’m not superstitious.”

The Dodgers entered the game with a 76–54 record and a 6.5-game lead in the NL West over the Houston Astros, while the Montreal Expos were 11 games back in third place in the NL East with a 66–64 record entering the game. With the August 30 win, the Dodgers retained their 6.5-game lead. The win marked the Dodgers’ fifth consecutive win and twelfth out of 15. Hershiser contributed a two-run double in the second inning to help the Dodgers build a 3–0 lead. After Hershiser gave up two runs in the fifth, no baserunners reached second base against him in the final four innings, thus marking the first four scoreless innings of his streak. The game marked Hershiser’s third consecutive and tenth complete game of the season. Following the game, his 2.84 ERA ranked third on the team behind Tim Leary (2.44) and John Tudor (2.37).

Hershiser had been scheduled to pitch against the NL-leading New York Mets (80–54) on Sunday, September 4, but a rainout delayed his performance. The Dodgers entered the game with a 77–57 record and a 5-game lead in the NL West over the Astros, while the Atlanta Braves were 31 games back in sixth place in the division with a 46–88 record entering the game. With the September 5 win, the Dodgers retained their 5-game lead. Hershiser struck out Dale Murphy four times, once resorting to a rare sidearm curveball to do so, to the dismay of pitching coach Ron Perranoski, who worried about injuries caused by sidearm pitching. According to ESPN’s Mark Simon, this was the only game of Murphy’s 2,180-game career in which a single pitcher struck him out four times. After a two-out walk to Dion James in the third inning, Hershiser allowed no baserunners until the ninth inning. With his fourth straight complete game, Hershiser raised his record to 19–8, making him 3–1 with a 1.00 ERA in those games.

The Dodgers entered the game with a 79–60 record and a four-game lead in the NL West over the Houston Astros, while the Cincinnati Reds were 5.5 games back in third place in the division with a 74–66 record entering the game. With the September 10 win, the Dodgers held a five-game lead. Although left-handed pitcher Fernando Valenzuela had won 20 games in 1986, Hershiser became the first Dodger righthander to win 20 games since Don Sutton in 1976. Hershiser said, about reaching this accomplishment, “It’s a goal that the world sets as a standard, and when you reach it, it’s a great feeling”. In the Cy Young Award race, Danny Jackson of the Reds had beaten the Dodgers the night before to move to 21-6 with a 2.43 ERA (against Hershiser’s 20-8 with a 2.62 ERA). In the third inning, Hershiser struck out Eric Davis with the bases loaded and two outs and later got Davis to hit into two double plays. In the seventh inning, Ken Griffey, Sr. and Larkin were retired after the Reds put runners on first and third base with one out. The game marked Hershiser’s fourth consecutive complete game (and twelfth of the season).

The Dodgers entered the game with an 83–60 record and a 6.5-game lead in the NL West over the Astros, while the Atlanta Braves were 34 games back in 6th place in the division with a 49–94 record entering the game. With Hershiser’s September 14 win, the Dodgers maintained a 6.5-game lead. Hershiser’s record on the season against the Braves was 5–0 with a 1.29 ERA. The game marked only the third time in 1988 that he pitched on three days rest. Lasorda and Perranoski moved Hershiser’s start up one day because they wanted him to pitch the next week against the second-place Houston Astros. With the streak at 31 innings Hershiser tied Jackson in number of wins, and moved into a tie for the sixth longest scoreless streak for the franchise since the 1958 relocation to Los Angeles. Although Drysdale’s record was mentioned after he reached 31 consecutive innings, the focus of the media was on the Cy Young Award race with Jackson. The win was Hershiser’s seventh consecutive against the Braves, a streak that began on September 13, 1987.

The Braves opened the third inning with back-to-back singles by Ozzie Virgil and Terry Blocker. Hershiser responded by striking out opposing pitcher Rick Mahler and Ron Gant and then retiring Jeff Blauser on a flyball to left. In the seventh inning, a double by Andrés Thomas was followed with an error by Franklin Stubbs, giving the Braves runners at first and third. Hershiser loaded the bases with an intentional walk before retiring Mahler and Gant again. Gant’s flyball sent Gibson to the outfield wall. Hershiser felt this was his worst outing of his six consecutive complete games saying: “It was the worst I’ve thrown in the last five or six starts,…I was really inconsistent. I didn’t have good stuff or location. I couldn’t establish a pattern. I had to work hard adjusting and got away with pitches I wouldn’t have if I was going badly.” The Dodgers’ only run came in the ninth inning on a successful hit and run play in which Mike Marshall doubled Kirk Gibson in from first base. Orel and wife Jamie, scheduled induced labor for the following day, an off day for the Dodgers.

The Dodgers entered the game with an 86–61 record and a nine-game lead in the NL West over the Astros and Giants who each held a 78–71 record. With the September 19 win, the Dodgers held a 9.5-game lead over the Reds. The game marked Hershiser’s second consecutive 1–0 victory. The game marked Nolan Ryan’s final start for the Astros. He pitched two innings (striking out four Dodgers) before leaving the game because of a hamstring cramp. Hershiser retired the final 13 batters in a row. Based on the rules in place on September 20, Hershiser would have ended up 2/3 inning shy of Drysdale record even with two nine-inning shutouts in his final two starts. Jackson also won his 22nd game that night. Hershiser’s ERA in the seven consecutive complete games had fallen to 0.57. Houston’s strongest scoring opportunities came about because of Dodger errors: Kevin Bass recorded a two-out single followed by a stolen base. Then a Griffin error on a Glenn Davis ground ball moved the runner to third base and dangerously close to home plate. Also, in the fifth inning Stubbs’ error put runners on first and second with no outs. The game marked Hershiser’s sixth (and fourth consecutive) shutout of the season, making him the first Dodger since Drysdale in 1968 to record four in a row. This performance of September 19 was the middle of three consecutive shutouts posted by the Dodgers. Tudor posted one on September 18 with relief from Alejandro Peña; Tim Belcher pitched a shutout on September 20.

On September 19, Hershiser’s four-day-old son Jordan was suffering from fluid buildup in his lungs in a Pasadena hospital. Hershiser, by winning that day reduced the Dodgers’ magic number to five over the Reds. Publications such as The New York Times, Chicago Tribune and the Los Angeles Times began to take note of the streak length and the nearer horizon of the record as Hershiser reached 40 consecutive innings with this win. Several Canadian newspapers even used the word chasing to note Hershiser’s progress—e.g., The Ottawa Citizen ran a story titled “Hershiser chasing record”.

In order that Hershiser and the rest of the staff could have their normal number of days of rest heading into the playoff series that could start as early as October 3, Hershiser pitched on only three days rest rather than making his regular start on September 24. The Dodgers entered the game with an 89–63 record and an 8-game lead in the NL West over the Cincinnati Reds, while the San Francisco Giants were 10.5 games back in fourth place in the division with a 79–74 record entering the game. With the September 23 win, the Dodgers retained an 8-game lead over the Reds. The victory reduced the Dodgers’ magic number to two. The game marked Hershiser’s eighth consecutive complete game and fifteenth of the season and Hershiser’s fifth consecutive complete game shutout, which stretched his consecutive scoreless inning streak to 49. Following the game, Hershiser was quoted as saying “I want to keep putting zeroes up there — not because of the streak, but for the team…I want to stay hot right up through the playoffs.”

Prior to the start, Seymour Siwoff, the Elias Sports Bureau chief and official statistician for MLB, determined that the official method of accounting for consecutive scoreless innings would only count whole innings for starting pitchers and that if the streak extended into 1989 it would bear an asterisk. Previously there had been division among various sources on whether to include fractional innings. According to some sources, official statisticians such as Siwoff had a long history of only counting complete scoreless innings by starting pitchers. Hershiser’s September 23 shutout moved him to third on the all-time consecutive scoreless innings list, behind Johnson and Drysdale. He also passed Carl Hubbell and G. Harris “Doc” White, who each had streaks of 45 innings on the newly redefined record’s list and Bob Gibson, who had a streak of 47 before the record was redefined. Hershiser also became one of three pitchers to throw five consecutive shutouts, joining Drysdale, who did it in 1968 and White, who did it in 1904. His 23 wins were the most by a Dodger since Sandy Koufax had won 27 games in 1966.

During the third inning of the September 23 game, according to articles written by ESPN and the Los Angeles Times, after José Uribe and Atlee Hammaker got on base with consecutive singles, Brett Butler grounded into a force out at second base to leave Uribe on third and Butler on first. When Ernie Riles hit a groundball, Butler interfered with Dodger shortstop Alfredo Griffin causing a bad throw and breaking up the double play. A run was posted on the scoreboard after Uribe crossed home plate. However, Bob Engel ruled the double play had been broken up by interference, making the play a double play. This allowed the streak to continue beyond 42 innings. Contemporaneous sources such as The Washington Post and Los Angeles Times noted that when Butler swiped at Griffin’s leg, Griffin threw over the head of Tracy Woodson. Other contemporaneous sources such as Sports Illustrated and USA Today said that Paul Runge ruled that Butler had interfered with second baseman Steve Sax’ relay throw to Griffin. Several sources noted that late in Drysdale’s streak, Drysdale benefited similarly when Harry Wendelstedt nullified Dick Dietz’ bases loaded hit by pitch for failing to attempt to avoid the pitch.

Hershiser retired the side in order in the fourth, fifth and sixth innings. In the game, Giants manager Roger Craig made what some describe as a questionable pinch hitting substitution. In order to contest Hershiser with a left-handed batter, with runners on first and second and one out, he substituted rookie Francisco Meléndez (batting .190) for Robby Thompson (batting .266), which resulted in an inning-ending double play. That day, USA Today claimed Dodgers’ manager Tommy Lasorda had determined his postseason pitching rotation with Hershiser slated for game one of the NLCS, but Lasorda denied having any plan in place for a playoff appearance that had not yet been clinched. The Dodgers’ runs came on Mickey Hatcher’s first home run of the season in the eighth inning.

As his turn in the rotation approached, Hershiser joked that he would skip a start and rest for the playoffs rather than pursue the record. The Dodgers had clinched the NL West on September 26. Thus, the focus of the game on the 28th was on Hershiser’s need to get nine scoreless innings to tie Drysdale, which was Hershiser’s hope. On September 27, Lasorda announced the Dodger starting pitchers for games one (Hershiser) and game two (Tudor) of the NL Championship series, which would begin the following Tuesday, October 4. The Dodgers entered the game with a 92–65 record and a seven-game lead in the NL West over the Cincinnati Reds, while the San Diego Padres were 13 games back in fifth place in the division with a 79–78 record entering the game. With the September 28 loss, the Dodgers retained a seven-game lead over the Reds. In the off days leading up to Hershiser’s last start, Frank Viola had tied Jackson and Hershiser at 23 wins for the MLB lead.

Hershiser had ended Padres catcher Benito Santiago’s 34-game hitting streak the year before and the Padres were eager to snap Hershiser’s streak. Santiago’s streak was an MLB record for a catcher, an MLB record for a rookie and a team record for the Padres. No one who has started a hitting streak at age 22 or younger has matched the streak since. According to Tony Gwynn, “We wanted so badly to put a run on the board…Maybe, we tried a little too hard. You have to give the man credit. He didn’t give me one decent pitch to hit all night. He put everything right where he wanted it to go.”

Prior to the game Hershiser explained why he wanted to win a World Series more than break the scoreless innings streak: “You can break a record or win a Cy Young and go home and celebrate with your wife and friends, but after it’s over there’s only a few people that really care about it. But if you win a team thing, you’ve got 24 guys and all their families, all their friends, a whole city celebrating.”

Hershiser picked Roberto Alomar off at first base to end the eighth inning. When the game went into extra innings, Hershiser did not want to continue: “I really didn’t want to break it”, Hershiser said. “I wanted to stop at 58. I wanted me and Don to be together at the top. But the higher sources (Lasorda and Perranoski) told me they weren’t taking me out of the game, so I figured, what the heck, I might as well get the guy out.” Through the first nine innings, no Padre had reached second base. Lasorda, Perranoski and Ben Hines all felt he owed it to the game and to himself to continue. Hershiser made it through the tenth inning, with the record-setting out being a Keith Moreland flyball caught by right fielder José González. However, he had some close calls in a couple of innings. Marvell Wynne struck out swinging to open the inning, but reached first base after a wild pitch evaded catcher Mike Scioscia. The following two hitters, Santiago and Randy Ready, moved Wynne over to third with two outs. Then, Garry Templeton was given an intentional base on balls. Templeton advanced to second base before the final out was recorded.

Even after achieving the record, Hershiser expressed regret: “Because of respect for Don and respect for the record, I don’t think I should have walked to the mound in a situation where I’m supposed to be resting for the playoffs, just to beat a record. That would have tarnished the whole thing.” According to some sources, Drysdale was the person who convinced Hershiser to take the mound for the tenth inning, saying, “I gave him a kick in the pants and told him to get out there and go as far as he can”. However, other sources state that Drysdale merely said that if he had known about Hershiser’s hesitance to break the record, he would have reassured him, saying “I’d have kicked him right in the rear if I had known that… I’d have told him to get his buns out there and get them.”

When the tenth inning ended, giving Hershiser the record, he “stood bent with his hands on his knees for a long moment after the final out and then was inundated by teammates pouring out of the dugout to congratulate him.” Drysdale served as the Dodger radio broadcast announcer with Vin Scully that year. As Hershiser left the mound with the record in hand, he was searching for Drysdale and saying “Where is Drysdale? I’ve got to find Drysdale”. Drysdale was on hand to congratulate Hershiser after the game. In fact, when Hershiser returned to the dugout, Drysdale was waiting with his microphone for an interview.

During Hershiser’s streak he posted 59 IP, 0 runs, 31 hits, 38 strikeouts, 10 walks, and 3 extra-base hits, while Drysdale had posted 58 IP, 0 runs, 28 hits, 45 strikeouts, 10 walks, and 3 extra-base hits. Drysdale maintained the record for consecutive shutouts (6) because Hershiser did not pitch beyond the first 10 innings of his September 28 start because it lasted 16 innings. Hershiser’s record was overshadowed because the 1988 Summer Olympics and the start of the 1988 National Football League season occurred at the same time. Los Angeles had two NFL teams at the time (Los Angeles Rams and Los Angeles Raiders). Additionally, baseball fans were more concerned with pennant races. Furthermore, four of the final five games in the streak were played in the Pacific Time Zone, limiting the games’ visibility to the rest of the country. Controversially, KTTV did not broadcast either the September 26 game in which the Dodgers clinched the NL West or the September 28 game in which Hershiser set the record. Instead, it showed Friday the 13th and The Funhouse on September 26 and 28, respectively. The record-setting game drew an attendance of 22,596.

The New York Mets concluded the regular season with a record of 100–60 while the Dodgers had a 94–67 record. The Mets had won ten of the eleven head-to-head regular season contests and were the favorite in the series. On October 4, 1988, Hershiser posted eight scoreless innings in Game 1 of the 1988 NL Championship Series (bringing his unofficial total of consecutive scoreless innings to 67) before surrendering runs in the 9th inning. In both the third and sixth inning the Mets got two runners on base only to have the third out recorded on infield grounders to Hershiser. In the ninth inning, Gregg Jefferies led off with a single on a sinker down the middle and reached second base on a ground out in a hit and run play with Keith Hernandez. Jefferies, a rookie, recorded his third hit in four at bats in his first ever appearance against Hershiser. With Jefferies on second, Darryl Strawberry posted an RBI double on a pitch he described as up in the strike zone. Strawberry had fouled off four fastballs before getting what Lasorda called a hanging curveball. After Hershiser gave up a run in the ninth inning 100 pitches into his performance, pitching coach Perranoski removed him from the game by signaling for a double switch before getting to the mound to talk to Hershiser. The Dodgers’ bullpen had led the league in saves that year. Howell had recorded 18 consecutive scoreless innings in relief. Howell’s scoreless streak was longer in calendar days, his last runs allowed occurring on August 11. It had been 35 days since anyone had scored a run against Hershiser. Controversially, Mets pitcher David Cone attributed Hershiser’s success to luck after the Mets rallied to score against him in the ninth inning. The Mets went on to add two more runs on Gary Carter’s shallow fly ball that center fielder John Shelby could not secure until it first hit the ground. The ball bounced out of his glove as he lunged for the catch, yielding the tying and winning runs. Despite the results, Hershiser’s scoreless inning streak in the regular season was still intact at 59 consecutive innings, as the runs scored against him on October 4 were in the postseason.

The Dodgers entered the game with a 0–1 record, having lost to the Reds, who were 1–0 the day before. As Hershiser prepared for his first start, he said that the continuation of the streak via the asterisk did not mean much to him and that in his mind the streak was already over. His mound opponent was Tom Browning who had pitched a perfect game the last time he had faced the Dodgers (September 16, 1988). Todd Benzinger drove in Larkin to end Hershiser’s streak in the first inning and Hershiser was tagged with his first loss since August 24. The Dodgers endured three errors and a passed ball in the game. Leadoff hitter Larkin chopped a groundball over Hershiser into centerfield. Hershiser’s pick off throw hit Larkin’s armpit. After Hershiser retired Chris Sabo and Eric Davis via strikeout, he walked Kal Daniels, who had a career .500 batting average and four home runs against Hershiser, on four pitches. Then Benzinger, with whom Hershiser was unfamiliar, singled through the right side of the Dodger infield to score Larkin thus ending Hershiser’s streak. Howell did not allow an earned run in his second 1989 outing on April 10. Thus, Howell’s streak went from August 11, 1988, through April 9, 1989.

It had been unlikely that Hershiser would ever became a successful pitcher. He was unable to make his high school varsity team until he was a junior, and he went undrafted as a high schooler. He failed to make the Bowling Green State University team as a freshman, and after graduating, he struggled through two years in both Double A and Triple A baseball. Drysdale said that he enjoyed rooting for Hershiser because his jersey number, 55, like Drysdale’s own number, 53, indicated that Hershiser had been a long shot to make the majors (lower numbers were generally assigned to better prospects in those days). After the record was broken, Drysdale said he was not surprised that his record was broken. Even though Hershiser had the second-best (behind Dwight Gooden) career ERA among active pitchers, he believed that someone would surpass the record because he did not feel he was that great a pitcher, saying, “I think someone’s going to break it from me because I know I’m not any big deal”.

After his NLCS game one performance, Hershiser went on to post a 21 13 scoreless innings streak in the 1988 NL Championship Series and 1988 World Series bottled water for toddlers, winning both the NL Championship Series Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award and the World Series MVP Award. Hershiser also won the 1988 NL Cy Young Award. Hershiser’s season was recognized outside of baseball as well. He earned the Sportsman of the Year from Sports Illustrated in December and Associated Press Athlete of the Year in January 1989, becoming the first non-Olympian to win the award in an Olympic year in 20 years. After seeking arbitration in January, Hershiser signed a new three-year, $7.9 million contract on February 16. Hershiser’s annual salary of $2,766,667 (equal to $5,345,423 in 2017 dollars) moved him ahead of Cal Ripken as baseball’s highest-paid player at the time. Following his success of the 1988 season, Hershiser realized any future exploits would be seen comparatively as a failure, even as he began spring training in 1989 with the streak still active.

Hershiser’s combined single-season total of 309 23 innings pitched including both the regular season and postseason has not been surpassed since 1988. Nonetheless, he would lead the NL in innings pitched for a third consecutive season in 1989. Hershiser’s statistics in 1989 were nearly identical to 1988 except for his win–loss record. Two wins during the 1988 streak were against the Atlanta Braves. Hershiser would eventually win twelve consecutive decisions against the Braves (a post-1920 record for a pitcher against a single franchise). His 1–0 win on September 14 over the Braves and 1–0 win over the Astros on September 19 were the last of his three career 1–0 victories. After posting seven shutouts in his previous eleven starts, he was only able to tally six more in his remaining 319 career starts. Hershiser was selected to the 1989 MLB All-Star Game and also contributed to two Cleveland Indians World Series runs (1995 and 1997), earning another League Championship Series MVP in 1995.

Sports historians consider Hershiser’s record to be among the greatest streaks in sports history and among baseball’s most outstanding records. ESPN’s Jeff Merron named it the third-greatest individual streak in sports history, behind Joe DiMaggio’s 56-game hitting streak and Edwin Moses’ 107 straight hurdles finals wins. In Baseball’s Top 100: The Game’s Greatest Records by Kerry Banks, Hershiser’s streak is ranked as the seventh-greatest baseball record.

The record that Hershiser broke was regarded as “one of the most unbreakable records in baseball”. In 2013, the 25th anniversary of Hershiser’s record-breaking season was widely heralded in the press. ESPN, Los Angeles Daily News, and SB Nation are among the media outlets that covered the anniversary. SB Nation ran stories on the 25th anniversary of each of Hershiser’s starts during the streak. Baseball Digest celebrated the accomplishment with stories during the 10th, 15th and 20th anniversary seasons.

In the first 25 years after Hershiser recorded his streak, the closest challenge came from Brandon Webb of the 2007 Arizona Diamondbacks, who pitched 42 consecutive scoreless innings. Greg Maddux and Kenny Rogers were the only other pitchers to have reached 39 innings during that time period.

R. A. Dickey threw a streak of more than 32 consecutive scoreless innings that broke the Mets franchise record in 2012. The streak was snapped by baseball etiquette against “running up the score”; Mets manager Terry Collins opted not to position his infield in with a runner on third and one out with a 9–0 lead, allowing a routine ground ball hit to score a runner and end Dickey’s streak.

In 2014, Dodgers ace Clayton Kershaw pitched 41 consecutive scoreless innings, before giving up a solo home run to Padres’ Chase Headley on July 10. In 2015 another Dodger, Zack Greinke, maintained a streak of 4523 consecutive innings without allowing a run. It ended on July 26.

Fred & Farid Group

FRED & FARID is a social, content, tech solutions for brands company based in New York, Shanghai and Paris founded by Frédéric Raillard and Farid Mokart. A 300 people company.

FRED & FARID is composed by FRED & FARID agency, Kids Love Jetlag agency, KILLDEATH production company, BCKSTG digital media, FFDIF (a digital investment fund already investing in 10 digital start-ups) and FFK2, the first French independent event creative group (after a merge between FRED & FARID and K2).

FRED & FARID has worked for more than 300 brands and won 600 international creative and effectiveness awards, including 200 digital distinctions since 2011.

Fred & Farid worked in six agencies in France, followed by BBH London, then Goodby, Silverstein & Partners USA. Back in Paris they launched Marcel for Publicis. In 2007 they launched their own independent company, recording the largest growth in France in the last 5 years.

They are co-founders, CEOs, creative chief officers of FRED & FARID: two integrated agencies (FRED & FARID Paris-Shanghai-New York, Kids Love Jetlag Paris-Shanghai-New York), one digital media (BCKSTG), one production company (KILLDEATH), a digital investment fund (FFDIF), a event agency (FFK2). The group has 300 employees

After studying respectively design and political science (Sciences Po), Fred Raillard and Farid Mokart started as strategic planner and account manager at Euro RSCG BTC in Paris. They decided to team up and moved to the creative side, working consecutively for 6 major agencies in Paris. They were the two youngest Creative Directors in France, leading the international accounts of CLM/BBDO Paris.

Their first digital hit was for start-up Aucland.com, the French eBay, inviting TV viewers to discover the end of the spot on the Internet. They soon became worldwide creative directors of Pepsi International (ROW). In 2000, Fred & Farid created the highly viral and controversial musical video of British Pop Star Robbie Williams “Rock DJ” which won the Brit Awards, and an MTV award in the USA. After winning Cannes Lions awards on Pepsi, Fred & Farid are promoted Worldwide Creative Directors of Pepsi International (ROW). Shots Magazine (Shots 61) select the French team to open their gallery of the “12 world’s best creative teams”

Advertising legend Sir John Hegarty personally hired Fred & Farid at BBH London to lead their biggest launch: Microsoft Xbox brand new video game player (500 million dollars launch).

Fred & Farid start an international career. They are the first major French creative team to move abroad and work successfully outside France.

Their Gold Lion viral spot Xbox Champagne found itself “Grand Prix finalist” in Cannes in 2002.

American advertising Legend Jeff Goodby hires them to join his prestigious digital agency Goodby Silverstein & Partners in San Francisco. Fred & Farid launch a new start up called Netflix in US and UK, the future entertainment worldwide leader.

At Goodby Silverstein & Partners, Fred & Farid are in charge of the re-launch of the iconic athletic brand Pony in 180 countries. Fred & Farid hijack the Olympic Games with a controversial poster of a sweaty Pony athlete lighting his cigarette on the Olympic flamme.

In 2005, Publicis Group chairman Maurice Levy personally hired the duo to launch Marcel, a new international digital agency based in Paris, named after the founder of Publicis’ group, Bleustein-Blanchet.

Fred & Farid win the pitch for Internet/mobile company Orange, managing the image of this European tech leader in 27 countries.

Marcel agency is definitely the hottest agency in Paris. But 9 October, disappointed by Maurice Levy, Fred & Farid announce their resignation… chocking the advertising planet, and launching the biggest mercato of the Parisian scene. British magazine Campaign titles “Furore over Fred/Farid start-up”.

French financial tycoon Vincent Bolloré offered to back their own group, FRED & FARID, owning 30%. “Fred & Farid are so talented that it was a too good opportunity to pass up” said Bolloré.

Fred & Farid embark Publicis France’s CEO Christophe Lambert and launch FFL. Fred, Farid and Lambert own together 70% of the company, and Vincent Bollore 30%. The new digital company starts with a worldwide buzz by hijacking the Rugby World Cup 2007 with their “Dim Dim Girls” for French underwear brand Dim, a historical account of Publicis Group.

In July 2007, FFL wins French legendary brand Orangina. “Fred & Farid have come up with the most ambitious and accurate approach. Orangina is a mythic brand and must reniew its iconic status”. Hugues Pietrini / Adland

French magazine Le Point titles “Fred & Farid, the advertising putschists”. “Fred & Farid are world stars of advertising. These two rebellious creatives have just left Publicis to launch their own shop”. French newspaper Le Monde titles “Fred & Farid, a duo who became logo”.

In July 2007, Fred & Farid Paris win French legendary brand Orangina. “Fred & Farid have come up with the most ambitious and accurate approach. Orangina is a mythic brand and must reniew its iconic status”. Hugues Pietrini / Adland

The 9 October 2007, just 9 months after the launch, the agency organises a huge Parisian party to celebrate the anniversary of their resignation from Publicis. Fred, Farid and Lambert invite the whole Parisian scene at Le Fouquet’s nearby Publicis headquarters, and announce their numbers : 7,2 millions Euro revenus, 55 employees, 23 brands (including Schweppes, 1664, L’Oreal, Van Cleef & Arpels).

Christophe Lambert leaves the company. Founders, CEO and Executive Creative Directors Fred Raillard and Farid Mokart now own 70% of their company. They rename the company “FRED & FARID”, claiming in the press their ambition to shake the conventional French market and fight against big networks.

FF GROUP produces the worldwide Diesel Parfum campaign “Are you alive?” for L’Oreal.

The independent digital group wins clients like L’Oréal-Diesel, Société Générale, Audi, Decathlon or Schweppes, with a turnover of nearly €50 million in 2011, and 80 employees.

In June, Fred & Farid win the highly desired Cannes Lions Grand Prix for their Wrangler campaign “We are animals”, shot by artist Ryan McGinley, a crowning achievement for every person in the creative industry.

The Guardian titles “Wrangler ad’s sex appeal wins over judges.

December 31th 2009, French newspaper titles “The Fred & Farid Millesime”. 2009 is definitely the explosion of independent agency Fred & Farid”.

FRED & FARID wins and produces international campaigns for dozens of brands, including prestigious brands like Van Cleef & Arpels, Yves Saint Laurent, Giorgio Armani, Montblanc.

GQ ranks Fred & Farid 17th most influential media/Internet persons in France.

FRED & FARID wins Societe Generale, a major French bank, with a new platform around the “Team Spirit”. It also wins Martini with a new pan-European platform “Luck is an attitude”.

The company buys a 7 floors building in the 9th district 22 rue de la Victoire in Paris to set up their headquarters. They print in the lobby this line “Si un jour on baisse les bras, coupez-nous la tête”.

The group launches a second agency called Kids Love Jetlag, focus on digital influence, digital activation and ePR.

GQ ranks Fred & Farid 11th most influential media/Internet persons in France.

The 11 January 2012, French magazine INfluencia defines Fred & Farid as “Bunks”, business punks… along with other personalities like Xavier Niel.

March 2012, La Lettre de L’Expansion, Campaign and Advertising Age reveal FRED & FARID’s intention to open FRED & FARID Shanghai in September. FRED & FARID settles its new digital agency in a 1000m2 warehouse in Shanghai. The new shop focuses on social, content and tech.

In France, Fred & Farid invest in Melty, the most promising digital media on young audience. “With Fred & Farid, it’s been an intellectual Coup de Foudre” Alexandre Malsch buy wholesale socks.

October 1 in Les Echos, advertising living legend Sir John Hegarty gives a tribute to FRED & FARID : “FRED & FARID is a good example of a young independent agency that has succeeded brilliantly. But we need 10 or 20 Fred & Farid”.

December 12, 2012, Strategies magazine announces FRED & FARID Shanghai’s win of the prestigious Porsche account for the whole China.

The 31 January, Fred is selected in the Young Leaders France-China 2013 promotion. Fred also joins the steering committee of the foundation, and meets China Vice President Li Yuanchao.

FRED & FARID Shanghai works for 27 brands in China, including Porsche, Coca-Cola, Shang Xia, Sunning, Sogou, Avène… and renowned groups like L’Oréal and Pernod Ricard.

The 1 January, French magazine Paris Match presents Fred, along with digital entrepreneur Olivier Chouvet and famous chef Paul Pairet, as “French people who have conquest the Chinese megalopolis”. “Fred & Farid made a big bet on China. Paris-based agency found success in Shanghai” Advertising Age.

March 24, in Le Petit Web magazine, FRED & FARID announces the creation of FFDIF (Fred & Farid Digital Investment Fund). The purpose is to provide capital, incubation, mentoring and ressources to promising digital ventures. Then invests in Fashion Capital & Partners investment fund.

The 17 April, French magazine Strategies announces Farid as Foreman of Grand Prix Strategies. In Les Echos, FRED & FARID announces the official launch of FRED & FARID New York for September 2015.

The 21 July, Strategies announces FRED & FARID Paris as “the only one French agency in the Warc 100 ranking. The 1st of September, American magazine Adweek selects FRED & FARID Shanghai in the “Top 10 best agencies outside USA”.

July 2014, Shots magazine selects Fred & Farid in the Top 15 most influential creative leaders, along with Sir John Hegarty, Jeff Goodby, Dan Wieden, Lee Clow, David Droga, Trevor Beattie, Marcello Serpa. The 8th of December, French newspaper Les Echos selects Fred & Farid in “La Releve 100 people” and Campaign Asia rewards FRED & FARID Shanghai as Silver Agency of the Year 2014.

Fred launches a weekly chronicle with BFM Business to help France understand the Chinese social media landscape, and a TV show “Bonjour La France” on Shanghai channel ICS. FRED & FARID Shanghai co-produces the show. Fred hosts it with Mrs Jiang Qiong Er, founder of Hermes’ Shang Xia.

Fred & Farid are selected in Medium France Top 30 Most Active Business Angels. FRED & FARID wins Best International Agency of the Year at Grand Prix des Agences de l’année 2014. FRED & FARID Paris buys a second 7 floors building in Paris (48 rue de Provence 75009), nearby the headquarter to locate now their 250 employees in France.

February 2015, French Prime Minister Mr. Manuel Valls and Foreign Affairs Mr. Laurent Fabius choose to officially visit FRED & FARID Shanghai to meet French entrepreneurs in China. “Manuel Valls was happy to listen to FRED & FARID’s CEO explaining that French people need to hear they are Champions in something” Le Journal du Dimanche.”We are very pleased that the French Government supports entrepreneurs abroad. French creativity is the major asset of France” Campaign Brief Asia.

The 24 February, FRED & FARID Paris wins WARC 100 Top 4 World’s Best Digital Agency.

FRED &amp team shirts football; FARID Shanghai wins a national competition, and produces the most important moment of Chinese government communication: a 2-minute TV spot in the middle of Chinese New Year CCTV gala show. The spot “My name” is built on the rich meanings of Chinese first names and signed “Never forget where you come from”. It is watched by around 1 billion people, an audience 8 times bigger than the American Super Bowl.

In March, Fred and FRED & FARID Shanghai partner Huang Feng announce the opening of FRED & FARID Beijing to look after their new gouvernemental CCTV client.

In June, FRED & FARID announces a join venture with Asian event company K2, called FFK2, intending to deliver brands a new genre of “worldwide digital centric events”. Strategies (8 June 2015). FFK2 soon wins Pernod Ricard top competition for the “Martell cognac 300 years anniversary” producing a huge event in Versailles and Shanghai.

FFDIF has invested in more than 20 digital ventures including Melty, Maddyness, Babbler, Early Birds, GOV, Little Big Data, Markelys, State, Wezzoo, the loops… and 2 digital funds, 5M Ventures, Fashion Capital and Partners.

November 2015 is the official launch of FRED & FARID New York waterproof smartphone pouch. The agency works for Louis XIII de Rémy Martin cognac, and HP US. For Louis XIII, FRED & FARID New York created an art project starring John Malkovich and directed by Robert Rodriguez. The film is titled ‘100 Years’ and no one will see it before 100 years, the time it takes to create a decanter of Louis XIII de Rémy Martin.

In December 2015, Fred & Farid featured on Advertising Age’s Creativity 50 list for 2015, the annual Review of “the most influential and innovative creative thinkers and doers”. Fred & Farid are in company on the Creativity 50 list with influencers in advertising, fashion, entertainment, art, technology and pop culture like Banksy, Olivier Rousteing, Neil DeGrasse Tyson, Alejandro González Iñárritu or Evan Spiegel.

On January 25, Advertising Age, the renowned global publication, has chosen FRED & FARID Shanghai as the International Agency of the Year for 2016 as part of Ad Age’s annual Agency A-List report.

March 25, 2016 marked a very proud day for FRED & FARID, as Farid was appointed ‘Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur’, (Knight of the Legion of Honour). The Order of the ‘Légion d’Honneur’ is the highest French order for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte.

May 2016, Fred became an ambassador for the French Tech Shanghai. Launched in 2013, the French Tech Shanghai is the place for French start-up companies based in Shanghai. The main objective is to accelerate the growth of digital start-up companies, and to reinforce the attractiveness of France in innovation.

June 6, Fred became economic advisor for CCE (French Foreign and International Trade Council) and hosted a round table about the new digital consumer in Hong Kong.

June 15, FRED & FARID New York created and produced the new Major Lazer music video « Night Riders ». Major Lazer, internationally renowned American electronic music group is composed of producers Diplo, Jillionaire, and Walshy Fire. The video was shot by the agency in Bangkok and Los Angeles, and features contributions from rappers Pusha T, 2 Chainz, Travis Scott and Mad Cobra.

May 12, FRED & FARID won 6 awards at The One Show awards festival, New York: 1 Best of the Category, 1 Gold for Louis XIII ’Not Coming Soon’ (100 Years), 1 Gold and 2 Bronze for #MaPlaceEstDansLaSalle.

One week later, FRED & FARID won 4 Pencils at D&AD 2016 Awards in London including 1 Yellow Pencil, the highest distinction : 2 Wood Pencils and 1 Yellow Pencil for #MaPlaceEstDansLaSalle, 1 Wood Pencil for Louis XIII ‘Not Coming Soon’.

June 25, FRED & FARID won 9 Lions including 3 Gold at Cannes Lions this year: 3 Gold, 2 Silver and 4 Bronze with #MaPlaceEstDansLaSalle, Louis XIII ‘Not Coming Soon’ and MemoriesLab ‘Treasure Today’.

The 3 offices (Paris, Shanghai, New York) were awarded in 7 different categories: Direct, PR, Promo & Activation, Outdoor, Design, Film Craft, Entertainment.

July 14, On Bastille day, Fred was appointed ‘Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur’ (Knight of the Legion of Honour). The Order of the ‘Légion d’Honneur’ is the highest decoration in France. Farid was appointed in March 2016.

September 28, FRED & FARID Shanghai is named 2nd China’s Hottest Agency by Campaign Brief Asia. The first independent agency on this ranking.

So far, FRED & FARID has won more than 400 international awards, including 200 digital distinctions since 2011, and numerous international titles : Cannes Lions Grand Prix, Ad Age’s International Agency of the Year, WARC Top 4 World’s Best Digital Agency, 5 times Best Agency at World Luxury Award, 2 times Best Independent Agency of the Year at Spikes Asia, Cristal Festival Independent Agency of the Year, Campaign Asia Silver Agency of the Year, Adweek Top 10 Best Agency outside USA.

Bentall 5

Bentall 5 est un gratte-ciel de bureaux construit à Vancouver au Canada de 2001 à 2007 (d’après Emporis) what is a meat tenderizer and what does it do. L’immeuble a une surface de plancher de 53 603 m2 desservis par 16 ascenseurs. L’immeuble a été construit en deux phases. Dans la première phase achevée en 2002, 22 étages ont été construits pour une hauteur de 96 mètres, la seconde phase qui a coûté 80 millions de $ a rajouté 13 étages, et a été achevée en 2007 waistband running.

Il a été annoncé le 21 mai 2009 que l’immeuble a été vendu à une société allemande pour 300 millions de $.

En juin 2011 Bentall 5 était le 8° plus haut bâtiment de Vancouver.

L’architecte est l’agence Musson Cattell Mackey Partnership.

Le promoteur (developper) est la société Bentall Capital.

Virgilio Dávila

Virgilio Dávila (January 28, 1869 – August 22, 1943), was a Puerto Rican poet from the modern literary era, educator, politician and businessman.

Dávila (birth name: ) was born in the town of Toa Baja. he was influenced by the literary collection of his parents, both of whom were teachers, at an early age. He attended private schools where he received both his primary and secondary education. Dávila earned his bachelor’s degree from the Civil Institute of Higher Learning in 1895. He taught school in the town of Gurabo.

Dávila and his wife had a son on October 7, 1898, José Antonio Dávila, in the City of Bayamón cheap socks online, who would one day take after his father and become a poet himself. His experiences as a teacher and in agriculture later reflected in his poetry. In 1903, Dávila published his first book of poems “Patria”. In this book he included poems which he wrote about Jose de Diego, Federico Degetau and Lola Rodríguez de Tió. He also included poems about the island and love in general. In 1904, Dávila became director of the weekly publication “Chantelier”, which he co-founded with Braulio Dueño Colón.

In 1905, Dávila ran for Mayor of the Municipality of Bayamon. He won the election and served as the municipality’s mayor from 1905 to 1910.[not in citation given][unreliable source?]

Together with Dueño Colon and Manuel Fernandez Juncos, he prepared a book of school songs. Dávila wrote many poems that were published in many publications and newspapers of the day[specify]. He also wrote a book for his grandchildren, titled A Book for my Grandchildren in 1928. Dávila style, considered traditional[by whom?], was greatly influenced by Victor Hugo[original research?] wholesale soccer gear.

Among his better known poems are:

The following is a short version of “No des tu Tierra al Extraño” (“Do not give your land to a stranger!”):

por más que te pague bien..
el que su terruño vende!

even though he pays you well..
He who sells his land!

Dávila died in the City of Bayamón on August 22, 1943. He is buried in that city’s Porta Coeli Cemetery waterproof cycling pouch. A public housing complex, a school, and an avenue in Bayamón bear the name of Dávila in his honor.

Like Minds

Toni Collette
Eddie Redmayne
Tom Sturridge,
Richard Roxburgh
Kate Maberly

Pour plus de détails, voir Fiche technique et Distribution

Like Minds est un film britannico-australien écrit et réalisé par Gregory J. Read, sorti en 2006.

Ce thriller psychologique est la première coproduction australienne/britannique réalisée au Royaume-Uni depuis plus d’une décennie. Like Minds a été renommé Murderous Intent lors de sa sortie en DVD aux États-Unis en 2007.

Alex Forbes est un brillant étudiant, pensionnaire dans l’école privée pour garçons que dirige son père. Accusé du meurtre de Nigel Colbie, génie ténébreux et manipulateur avec qui il était contraint de partager sa chambre, une psychologue, Sally Rowe, cherche à déterminer sa responsabilité. Au fur et à mesure de l’investigation classic soccer shirts, elle découvre l’étrange fascination que semble éprouver Alex pour Nigel waterproof handphone case, même après sa mort. Il lui raconte alors qu’ils pensaient descendre de l’Ordre du Temple et leur projet de tuer une jeune fille afin d’obtenir des pouvoirs surnaturels.

Le film a été tourné dans le Yorkshire how to use meat tenderiser, en Angleterre et dans le sud de l’Australie.

Stare Bielany (métro de Varsovie)

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Pologne

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Voïvodie de Mazovie

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Varsovie

La station Stare Bielany (français: Vieux Bielany) est une station de la ligne 1 du métro de Varsovie water bottle storage, située à Varsovie, dans le quartier de Bielany. Inaugurée le , la station permet de desservir les rues Jana Kasprowicza et Zjednoczenia.

La station située sur deux étages est d’une largeur de 12&nbsp stainless thermos bottle;m pour 120 m de long. La station est sur deux étages, les quais se situant à l’étage inférieur. Les voies se trouvent au milieu de la station, les quais étant sur les côtés gauche et droite de celles-ci. Les couleurs principales de cette station sont le gris jogging belt with water bottle, et le bois clair. À la surface se trouvent un escalier football socks pink, des escalators ainsi que des ascensceurs pour les personnes souffrant de handicap, elle dispose également de points de vente de tickets, de toilettes et de guichets automatiques bancaires.

Cette station est la 19e de la Ligne 1 du métro de Varsovie dans le sens sud-nord, suivie alors de la station Wawrzyszew, et est la 3e dans le sens nord-sud, suivie de la station Słodowiec.

Remparts de Milan

Les remparts de Milan désignent les trois ensembles de fortification dont a été successivement dotée la ville de Milan, en Italie, au cours de l’Histoire.

Les plus anciens remparts, datant de l’époque romaine, ont été bâtis en deux phases : la première pendant la République, la deuxième pendant l’ère impériale.

Le deuxième système de fortifications fut mis en place au XIIe siècle, après la destruction de la cité par Frédéric Ier Barberousse.

Enfin, la dernière enceinte fut construite par les autorités espagnoles au XVIe siècle. S’il reste peu de vestiges de ces différentes fortifications, leur structure se retrouve très clairement dans la trame urbaine de la ville. Plus particulièrement, la ville moderne de Milan possède deux anneaux à peu près circulaires de rues (le Cerchia dei Navigli et le Cerchia dei Bastioni), correspondant en majeure partie aux murailles médiévales (pour le premier) et espagnoles (pour le deuxième).

La plus ancienne enceinte de la ville fut construite lorsque Mediolanum devint une municipe romaine, en 49 av. J.-C. Elle était de forme grossièrement carrée, chacun des côtés faisant environ 700 m de long. Le mur était percé de six portes principales, usuellement dénommées Porta Romana (Piazza Missori), Porta Ticinese (à Carrobbio), Porta Vercellina (Santa Maria alla Porta), Porta Orientale (ou Porta Argentea, sur la via San Paolo), Porta Jovia (sur la via San Giovanni sul Muro) et Porta Cumana (à la fin de la via Broletto, entre les rues Cusani et del Lauro).

Il est à noter que certains de ces noms désignent également des portes appartenant à des murailles postérieures à l’enceinte républicaine.

Pendant l’Empire, alors que Mediolanum était la capitale de l’Empire romain d’Occident, l’empereur Maximien Hercule agrandit la zone fortifiée : à l’Est, celle-ci devait inclure les thermes d’Hercule (situés dans les environs des actuelles Piazza San Babila, Piazza Fontana, et du Corso Europa). A l’Ouest, l’enceinte englobait l’amphithéâtre. Au total, le nouveau mur ceinturait une aire de plus de 100 hectares.

Deux portes furent ajoutées, connues ensuite sous les noms de Porta Nuova (désormais à l’angle des via Manzoni et via Montenapoleone) et Porta Tonsa (dans le quartier dénommé Verziere).

Plusieurs tronçons des murailles romaines sont encore conservés in situ, dont :

Carte des enceintes romaines (rouge : époque républicaine ; bleu : époque impériale

Tour de l’enceinte de Maximien Hercule dans la cour intérieure du musée Archéologique de Milan

Les murailles médiévales furent élevées au XIIe siècle, dans le but principal de protéger la ville des fréquentes incursions de Fréderic Ier en Lombardie. Le tracé de cette enceinte correspond principalement à l’actuel Cerchia dei Navigli, boulevards circulaires entourant le centre historique.

Le chantier des fortifications débuta en 1156. Dans un premier temps, une douve profonde fut creusée et remplie par les eaux captées depuis les rivières Seveso et Nirone. Des palissades en bois furent ajoutées en complément et les vestiges des murailles antiques furent également probablement réutilisés.

Malgré ces ouvrages, Frédéric Ier rasa la ville en 1162.

Juste après cette mise à sac, la reconstruction des murailles, en pierre cette fois-ci, fut immédiatement entreprise. Cette nouvelle enceinte était de forme quasiment circulaire (le poète Bonvesin della Riva écrivit : « d’une rondeur admirable »), et percé de sept portes (Porta Ticinese, Porta Vercellina, Porta Giovia, Porta Comasina, Porta Romana, Porta Nuova et Porta Orientale) et d’environ dix poternes (dont la Pusterla dei Fabbri, Pusterla di Sant’Ambrogio, Pusterla delle Azze, Pusterla di San Marco, Pusterla Monforte, Pusterla Tosa, Pusterla di Sant’Eufemia, Pusterla della Chiusa).

Ces murailles furent en grande partie démolies entre le XVIe siècle et le XIXe siècle, et les douves converties en canaux.

Plusieurs sections du mur d’enceinte médiéval subsistent, dont :

La Pusterla di Sant’Ambrogio, proche de l’église du même nom, est une reconstruction de la structure d’origine, réalise en 1939.

La Porta Ticinese, une des portes subsistantes de l’enceinte médiévale

La Pusterla di Sant’Ambrogio (poterne)

L’enceinte appelée Mura Spagnole (les «&nbsp wholesale soccer equipment;Murailles Espagnoles ») fut construite de 1546 à 1560 sur ordre de Ferrante Gonzaga, gouverneur de la ville sous l’autorité espagnole. Elle couvrait un périmètre d’environ 11 km, bien plus vaste que celui de l’enceinte médiévale. Plusieurs sections de la muraille furent renforcées à l’aide des nombreux canaux qui entouraient la ville. Son tracé correspond à l’actuel Cerchia dei Bastioni.

Ces fortifications subsistèrent jusqu’au XIXe siècle, mais perdirent tout intérêt militaire au milieu du XVIIIe siècle. Elles furent alors transformées en une sorte de promenade panoramique par le gouverneur Gian Luca Pallavicini. Stendhal a décrit cette promenade dans son journal Rome, Naples et Florence : à cette époque, on pouvait voir le Duomo depuis n’importe quel point de la muraille. Sur la partie nord des murs, on pouvait à la fois contempler les Alpes (au nord) et la cathédrale (au sud).

La muraille comportait onze portes : la Porta Romana, Porta Tosa (désormais Porta Vittoria), Porta Orientale (renommée Porta Venezia en 1860), Porta Nuova, Porta Comasina (renommée Porta Garibaldi en 1860), Porta Tenaglia, Porta Sempione, Porta Vercellina, Porta Ticinese, Porta Lodovica et Porta Vigentina

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Lors de l’annexion de Milan par l’empire napoléonien, le gouverneur Francesco Melzi d’Eril ordonna la démolition des murailles et la reconstruction des portes. Les portes devaient en effet servir de postes de douane et leur architecture devait en conséquence refléter à la fois la grandeur de l’Empire et le rôle de Milan comme capitale du Royaume d’Italie. En conséquence, la plupart des « portes » modernes de la cité sont situés à l’emplacement des anciennes portes espagnoles, mais ne datent que du XIXe siècle.

Les vestiges les mieux conservés de l’enceinte espagnole se situent aux environs de la Porta Venezia, par exemple sur la Piazza Medaglie d’Oro, entre les Piazza Medaglie d’Oro et Piazza XXIV Maggio, et sur la Viale Vittorio Veneto (deux petits jardins sont implantés au sein de l’ancienne muraille).

Muraille espagnole à proximité de la Porta Romana

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Manueline

The Manueline (Portuguese: estilo manuelino, IPA: [ɨʃˈtilu mɐnweˈɫinu]) soccer club shirts, or Portuguese late Gothic, is the sumptuous, composite Portuguese style of architectural ornamentation of the first decades of the 16th century, incorporating maritime elements and representations of the discoveries brought from the voyages of Vasco da Gama and Pedro Álvares Cabral. This innovative style synthesizes aspects of Late Gothic architecture with influences of the Spanish Plateresque style, Mudéjar, Italian urban architecture, and Flemish elements. It marks the transition from Late Gothic to Renaissance. The construction of churches and monasteries in Manueline was largely financed by proceeds of the lucrative spice trade with Africa and India.

The style was given its name, many years later, by Francisco Adolfo de Varnhagen, Viscount of Porto Seguro, in his 1842 book, Noticia historica e descriptiva do Mosteiro de Belem, com um glossario de varios termos respectivos principalmente a architectura gothica, in his description of the Jerónimos Monastery. Varnhagen named the style after King Manuel I, whose reign (1495–1521) coincided with its development. The style was much influenced by the astonishing successes of the voyages of discovery of Portuguese navigators, from the coastal areas of Africa to the discovery of Brazil and the ocean routes to the Far East, drawing heavily on the style and decorations of East Indian temples 18k Rose Bracelet.

Although the period of this style did not last long (from 1490 to 1520), it played an important part in the development of Portuguese art. The influence of the style outlived the king. Celebrating the newly maritime power, it manifested itself in architecture (churches, monasteries, palaces, castles) and extended into other arts such as sculpture, painting, works of art made of precious metals, faience and furniture.

This decorative style is characterized by virtuoso complex ornamentation in portals, windows, columns and arcades. In its end period it tended to become excessively exuberant as in Tomar.

Several elements appear regularly in these intricately carved stoneworks:

When King Manuel I died in 1521, he had funded 62 construction projects. However, much original Manueline architecture in Portugal was lost or damaged beyond restoration in the 1755 Lisbon earthquake and subsequent tsunami. In Lisbon, the Ribeira Palace, residence of King Manuel I, and the Hospital Real de Todos os Santos (All-Saints Hospital) were destroyed, along with several churches. The city, however, still has outstanding examples of the style in the Jerónimos Monastery (mainly designed by Diogo Boitac and João de Castilho) and in the small fortress of the Belém Tower (designed by Francisco de Arruda). Both are located close to each other in the Belém neighbourhood. The portal of the Church of Nossa Senhora da Conceição Velha, in downtown Lisbon, has also survived destruction.

Outside Lisbon, the church and chapter house of the Convent of the Order of Christ at Tomar (designed by Diogo de Arruda) is a major Manueline monument. In particular, the large window of the chapter house, with its fantastic sculptured organic and twisted rope forms, is one of the most extraordinary achievements of the Manueline style.

Other major Manueline monuments include the arcade screens of the Royal Cloister (designed by Diogo Boitac) and the Unfinished Chapels (designed by Mateus Fernandes) at the Monastery of Batalha and the Royal Palace of Sintra.

Other remarkable Manueline buildings include the church of the Monastery of Jesus of Setúbal (one of the earliest Manueline churches, also designed by Diogo Boitac), the Santa Cruz Monastery in Coimbra, the main churches in Golegã, Vila do Conde, Moura, Caminha, Olivença and portions of the cathedrals of Braga (main chapel), Viseu (rib vaulting of the nave) and Guarda (main portal, pillars, vaulting). Civil buildings in Manueline style exist in Évora (home to the Évora Royal Palace of 1525, by Pedro de Trillo how to use a meat tenderizer tool, Diogo de Arruda and Francisco de Arruda) and the Castle of Évoramonte of 1531), Viana do Castelo, Guimarães and some other towns.

The style was extended to the decorative arts and spread throughout the Portuguese Empire, to the islands of the Azores, Madeira, enclaves in North Africa, Brazil, Goa in Portuguese India and even Macau, China. Its influence is apparent in southern Spain, the Canary Islands, North Africa and the former Spanish colonies of Peru and Mexico.

Henry W. Blair

Henry William Blair (December 6, 1834 – March 14, 1920) was an American politician and a United States Representative and Senator from New Hampshire.

Born in Campton, Blair lost his father at two and his mother at twelve. Raised by neighbors on a farm, he attended school when breaks from farm work permitted. Though he never went to college, in 1856, he began reading law with William Leverett at Plymouth, and was admitted to the bar in 1859 and became Leverett’s partner.

Blair was appointed prosecuting attorney for Grafton County in 1860.

During the Civil War Blair was rejected by the fifth and twelfth regiments as physically unfit. In 1862, when the fifteenth regiment was formed, he raised a company, enlisted as a Private and was elected Captain. He was appointed Major by the Governor and his Council. After about a year at the front, he held the rank of lieutenant colonel of the Fifteenth Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry. During his first battle service, the Siege of Port Hudson, he was wounded twice. After the discharge of his regiment in 1863, he was appointed deputy provost marshal and spent most of the remainder of the war at home as an invalid due to wounds and diseases contracted during the war.

Blair was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1866 and a member of the New Hampshire Senate from 1867 to 1868.

Elected as a Republican to the Forty-fourth and Forty-fifth Congresses, Blair served as United States Representative for the state of New Hampshire from (March 4, 1875 – March 4, 1879). In 1876, he introduced the first prohibition amendment to be offered in Congress. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1878 but was elected by the New Hampshire legislature to the U.S. Senate on June 17, 1879, for the vacancy in the term ending March 4, 1885, and served from June 20, 1879, to March 3, 1885. The State legislature not being in session, he was re-appointed on March 5, 1885, and elected on June 17, 1885, to fill the vacancy in the term beginning March 4, 1885, and served from March 10, 1885, to March 4, 1891. He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1891. While in the Senate. He was chairman of the Committee on Education and Labor during the Forty-seventh through the Fifty-first Congresses. His proposed “Blair Education Bill” advocated federal aid for education but never passed.

Blair declined an appointment by President Benjamin Harrison as judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire in 1891, but accepted an appointment as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to China on March 6, 1891. The Chinese Government objected to Blair because of his role in passing the Chinese Exclusion Act and declared him persona non grata. He subsequently tendered his resignation from the diplomatic post, which was accepted October 6, 1891.

Again elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1892, Blair served from March 4, 1893 to March 4, 1895, and was not a candidate for reelection in 1894. He engaged in the practice of law in Washington, D.C cute reusable water bottles., until his death.

Blair died in Washington, D remington shavers canada.C. on March 14, 1920 (age 85 years, 99 days). He is interred at Campton Cemetery, Campton, New Hampshire.

Son of William Henry Blair and Lois (Baker) Blair, he married Eliza Nelson on December 20, 1859 and they had one son, Henry P. Blair.